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Pesticides


What Is A Pesticide?

A pesticide is a substance, mixture or organism made or used for destroying any pest.

As well as insects, a pesticide may be used for eliminating weeds or moulds, preserving woods and regulating plant growth.

A pesticide is designed to destroy organisms that you don't, and avoid harming those that you do want. So a weedkiller will selectively kill unwanted plants whilst leaving the crop unharmed.

Pesticides become an issue when they affect food, wildlife, the environment and the safety of people who come into contact with them. What makes their use acceptable is when they only harm unwanted pests, weeds and diseases, are used in low doses and increase crop yields.


These are some common types of pesticides, and their purposes:

Algicides

Control/kills algae

Attractants

Attractants are traps containing a pesticide and food to lure insects or rodents inside. However, food is not a pesticide even though it certainly attracts pests...

Disinfectants and sanitizers

Kills disease-producing microorganisms

Fumigants

Kill fungi (including blights, mildews, molds, and rusts).

Herbicides

Kill weeds.

Insecticides

Kill insects and other arthropods.

Miticides/Acaricides

Kill mites that feed on plants and animals.

Microbial pesticides

Microorganisms that kill or inhibit pests, including insects or other microorganisms. Sometimes microorganisms get rid of pests simply by growing larger in numbers, using up the pests' food supply, and invading the pests' environment.

Molluscicides

Kill snails and slugs.

Nematicides

Kill nematodes (microscopic, worm-like organisms that feed on plant roots).

Pheromones

Biochemicals used to disrupt the mating behavior of insects.

Repellents

Repel pests, including insects (such as mosquitoes) and birds.

Rodenticides

Control mice and other rodents.


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